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什么是宾语从句

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什么是宾语从句

什么是宾语从句

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  • 2018-04-28 07:11:35
      1。宾语从句在句中作及物动词或介词的宾语,从句放在主句之后,前后不用逗号分开。
    2。引导宾语从句的词有:
    连词that(在口语中that常可省略),if, whether,如:
    He knows that Jim will work hard。
       连接代词who, whom, which等,如: Do you know who (whom) they are waiting for? 连接副词when, where, how, why等,如:Could you tell me how we can get to the station? 3。
      whether和if都有“是否”的意思,一般情况下两者可以换用,但在介词之后, 不定式之前,与or not连用,在句首或在引导表语从句,同位语从句时,只能用whether,如:I want to know if/whether the news is true。
       He doesn't know whether to stay or not? 4。宾语从句要用陈述句语序。 5。宾语从句一定要注意时态呼应,即:当主句谓语动词是过去式时,从句中谓语动 词也要用过去范畴的时态,但若从句陈述的是真理或客观规律,其谓语的时态仍用一般现在时,如: He asked who could answer the question。
       My father told me that the earth goes around the sun。 6。一个宾语从句只能用一个连词。 7。当主句谓语动词是think, believe等动词时,宾语从句的否定意义要放到主句中。另外,当主句主语为第一人称时,后面若接附加疑问句,那么附加疑问句的主语、谓语应与从句中的主谓语保持一致。
      如: I don't think he looks like his father, does he? 8。直接引语和间接引语也是宾语从句,直接引语是引述别人的原话,放在引号内, 不用连词联接;间接引语是用自己的话转述别人的话,通常用连接词与主句联接。
       (1)陈述句变为以that引导的宾语从句,如: He said,“I'm happy。”[FY()[FY]]He said that he was happy。 (2)一般疑问句变为if(whether)引导的宾语从句,如: He asked me,“Does his father know Mr Green?” ---He asked me if his father knew Mr Green。
       (3)特殊疑问句变为由who, what, where, how等疑问词(连接代词或连接副词)引导的宾语从句,如: He asked me,“Where is Mr Wang?” ---He asked me where Mr Wang was。
       。

    Jessie...

    2018-04-28 07:11:35

其他答案

    2018-04-28 05:11:35
  •   一、宾语从句中的时态。 
    1。如果主句的时态是一般现在时或一般将来时,从句的时态则根据具体情况或具体意义来确定。如: 
    ① I don't know when he came back。 
    ② Do you know where they will go this summer holiday? 
    ③He is worried about whether he has passed the English exam。
       ④ Please tell us what we should do next, OK? ⑤ Will you please tell me how I can get to the post office? 2。如果主句的时态是一般过去时,从句的时态则相应地使用一般过去时/过去将来时/过去完成时/过去进行时等。
      如: ① He said that he didn't find your lost pen。 ② My parents told me that they would go to Beijing。 ③ The policeman asked him what he was doing at midnight yesterday。
       ④ I told you yesterday that I had returned your book。 Why do you ask for it again? 3。如果宾语从句所叙述的是客观真理、自然现象、名言警句或谚语等,不管主句是什么时态,从句都用原时态。
      如: ① Our geography teacher told us that the earth goes around the sun。 ② When I was young, my father often told me that knowledge is power (力量)。
       二、宾语从句前通常需要有引导词。 1。 如果宾语从句是由陈述句转变而来的,其引导词用that,常可以省略。如: I hope (that) I can study English better。 2。 如果宾语从句是由一般疑问句转变而来的,其引导词使用if / whether, 意为"是否"。
       如: Mr Chen asked , "Are you all here?"→Mr Chen asked if / whether we were all here。 3。 如果宾语从句是由特殊疑问句转变而来的,其引导词使用连接代词what / which /who / whose 或 连接副词when / where / why / how 等。
      这些连接词都要充当从句中的一个成分,故不能省略。如: Tom asked me, "When did you begin to study English?" →Tom asked me when I began to study English。
       上面的回答了,那我就告诉你一些类型吧~ 。

    憋着眼泪对你...

    2018-04-28 05:11:35

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