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    2018-01-09 10:24:47
  • Jack is a twenty-year-old young man. Two years ago, when he finished middle school, he found work in a shop. Usually he works until ten o'clock in the evening. He is very tired when he gets home. Afte...

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    Jack is a twenty-year-old young man. Two years ago, when he finished middle school, he found work in a shop. Usually he works until ten o'clock in the evening. He is very tired when he gets home. After a quick supper he goes to bed and soon falls asleep. His grandma who lives downstairs is satisfied with (满意) him. 
    One day, on his way home, he met Mary. They were both happy. He asked the girl to his house, she agreed happily. He bought some fruit and drinks for her. And they talked about their school, teachers, classmates and their future (未来). They talked for a long time.
    “Have a look at your watch, please,” said the girl. “What time is it now?”
    “Sorry, something is wrong with my watch,” said Jack. “Where's yours?”
    “I left it at home.”
    Jack thought for a moment and found a way. He began to stamp his foot on the floor, “Bang! Bang! Bang!”
    The sound woke his grandma up. The old woman shouted downstairs, “It's twelve o'clock in the night, Jack. Why are you still jumping upstairs?”
    1. Jack was ________ when he finished middle school.
    A. sixteen B. eighteen C. twenty D. fifteen
    2. The old woman is satisfied with Jack because ________.
    A. he's her grandson B. he's clever
    C. he can keep quiet D. he gets home on time
    3. From the story, we can know that Mary is Jack's ________.
    A. classmate B. colleague (同事)
    C. aunt D. wife
    4. The word “stamp” in the story means ______ in Chinese.
    A. 盖印 B. 跺 C. 贴邮票 D. 承认
    5. Jack stamped his foot on the floor in order (为了) ________.
    A. to wake his grandma up
    B. to make his grandma angry
    C. that his grandma was going to tell him the time
    D. that his grandma was going to buy him a watch
    参考答案 : 1.B 2.C 3.A 4.B 5.C
    讲解:
    1.第一句介绍杰克今年20岁,2年前中学毕业,故选B。
    2.结合前后文意,前面讲他吃完饭就去睡觉,并且很快就睡着了,文章最后介绍他用脚跺楼,发出声音,奶奶阻止他,说明他奶奶怕吵,综合判断选C。
    3.由第二段倒数第二句判断。
    4.根据文意,他奶奶住他楼下,倒数第二句又讲他用脚在地板上发出“Bang...”的声音,故应是用脚跺楼。
    5.因他表坏了,Mary 又没带,他们想知道时间。
    阅读理解2
    We are all busy talking about and using the Internet (互联网), but how many of us know the history of the Internet?
    Many people are surprised when they find that the Internet was set up in the 1960s. At that time, computers were large and expensive. Computer networks (网络) didn't work well. If one computer in the network broke down, then the whole network stopped. So a new network system had to be set up. It should be good enough to be used by many different computers. If part of the network was not working, information could be sent through another part. In this way computer network system would keep on working all the time.
    At first the Internet was only used by the government, but, in the early 1970s, universities, hospitals and banks were allowed to use it too. However, computers were still very expensive and the Internet was difficult to use. By the start of the 1990s, computers became cheaper and easier to use. Scientists had also developed software that made 'surfing' (浏览) the Internet more convenient.
    Today it is easy to get on-line (上网) and it is said that millions of people use the Internet everyday. Sending e-mail is more and more popular among students.
    The Internet has now become one of the most important parts of people's life.
    判断下列句子是否符合短文内容,符合的用“T”表示,不符合的用 “F”表示。
    l. The Internet has a history of less than thirty years.
    T F
    2. In the 1960s computer networks went wrong easily.
    T F
    3. Computers become cheaper so that many hospitals and banks were allowed to use them.
    T F
    4. People didn't have enough software to get on-line conveniently until the early 1990s.
    T F
    参考答案: 1.F 2.T 3.F 4.T
    讲解:
    1.第二段开头讲互联网是在60年代建立的,故至今历史已超过30年。
    2.文中第二段阐明计算机网络工作状况不好(didn't work well)。
    3.第三段中说明大学、医院等都被允许使用电脑,然而,计算机仍然很贵,并且网络很难使用。
    4.由第三段最后几句介绍可知,到90年代,计算机便宜且好用。科学家也发展了软件使网上浏览更方便。而本题干用了not…until句型,译为“直到90年代早期人们才有足够的软件上网”。
    阅读理解3
    Mr. and Mrs. Turner live outside a small town. They have a big farm and they are always busy working on it. Their son, Peter, studied at a middle school. The young man studied hard and did well in his lessons. It made them happy.
    Last month Peter finished middle school and passed the entrance examination (升学考试). Mrs. Turner was very happy and told the farmers about it.
    Yesterday morning the woman went to the town to buy something for her son. On the bus she told one of her friends how clever and able her son was. She spoke very loudly. All the people in the bus began to listen to her.
    “Which university (大学) will your son study in?” a woman next to her asked.
    “In the most famous university in our country!” Mrs. Turner said happily.
    “The most famous university?”
    “Oxford University (牛津).”
    Most of the passengers (乘客) looked at her carefully. Some of them said to her, “Congratulations!”
    A woman said, “I'm sure he'll know Fred Smith.”
    “Who's Fred Smith?”
    “He's my son.”
    “Does he study in the university, too?”
    “No, ”said the woman. “He is one of the professors.”
    l. The story happened in ________.
    A. America B. France C. Germany D. England
    2. Mr. and Mrs. Turner were happy because ________.
    A. their son did well in his lessons
    B. they have a big farm
    C. they have a good harvest
    D. their son studied at a middle school
    3. Mrs. Turner wanted everyone to know ________.
    A. her son finished middle school
    B. her son was handsome
    C. her son was going to study in a university
    D. her son was very friendly to others
    4. Mrs. Turner spoke so loudly in the bus that __________.
    A. her friend could hear her
    B. all the people could hear her
    C. she hoped to make all the people happy
    D. she hoped they would say congratulations to her
    5. Which of the following is true? __________.
    A. The woman wasn't interested in Mrs. Turner's words
    B. Mrs. Turner knew nothing about the famous university
    C. The woman wanted to stop Mrs. Turner from showing off (炫耀)
    D. The woman next to Mrs. Turner wanted to show off her son, too
    参考答案 : 1.D 2.A 3.C 4.B 5.C
    讲解:
    1.因为牛津大学是英国的著名大学。
    2.第一段最后一句讲“这使他们高兴”。“It”指代前一句讲的情况,即他们的儿子功课很好。
    3.根据第三段文意判断。
    4.第三段最后一句讲“所有人都开始听她讲。”故A不对;她这样做只是想炫耀一下而已。C、D描述的意思都不确切。
    5.文章前面做了铺垫,讲Mrs.Turner 如何炫耀她儿子考上大学,结尾讲那个妇女说自己的儿子是教授不论真假,她是在阻止Mrs. Turner的炫耀。
    阅读理解4
    “Cool” is a word with many meanings. Its old meaning is used to express a temperature that is a little bit cold. As the world has changed, the word has had many different meanings.
    “Cool” can be used to express feelings of interest in almost anything. When you see a famous car in the street, maybe you will say “It's cool.”You may think, “He's so cool,” when you see your favourite footballer.
    We all maximize (扩大) the meaning of “cool”. You can use it instead of many words such as “new” or “surprising”. Here's an interesting story we can use to show the way the word is used. A teacher asked her students to write about the waterfall (瀑布) they had visited. On one student's paper was just the one sentence, “It's so cool”. Maybe he thought it was the best way to show what he saw and felt.
    But the story also shows a scarcity (缺乏) of words. Without “cool”, some people have no words to show the same meaning. So it is quite important to keep some credibility (可信性). Can you think of many other words that make your life as colourful as the word “cool”? I can. And I think they are also very cool.
    1. We know that the word “cool” has ________.
    A. only one meaning B. no meanings
    C. many different meanings D. the same meaning
    2. In the passage, the word “express” means“________”.
    A. see B. show C. know D. feel
    3. If you are ________ something, you may say, “It's cool.”
    A. interested in B. angry about
    C. afraid of D. unhappy with
    4. The writer takes an example to show he is _________ the way the word is used.
    A. pleased with B. strange to
    C. worried about D. careful with
    5. In the passage, the writer suggests (暗示) that the word “cool”_________.
    A. can be used instead of many words
    B. usually means something interesting
    C. can make your life colourful
    D. may not be as cool as it seems
    参考答案 : 1.C 2.B 3.A 4.C 5.D
    讲解:
    1.见首句。
    2.由“express”前后词义关系可推断出是“表达”的意思,与“show”同义。
    3.由第二段首句可知。
    4.由例子中的学生用cool 一词概括出他的所有感受,知cool词义的扩大会导致语言中词汇的缺乏,是令人担忧的。
    5.结合第4题的答案可做出选择。
    参考答案 : 1. A 2. D 3. A 4. D 5. C
    讲解:
    1. 由短文最后一句“They had travelled 1,797 kilometres from London”可知,最接近“for nearly 1,800 kilometres”,因此选A。
    2. 由短文第2段倒数第3句“So they were able to change its weight”可知答案为D。
    3. 从第3段可以看出,越往上温度越低,因此应选A。
    4. 由短文最后一段倒数第2句“They came down in Poland...”可知答案为D。
    5. 纵观全文可以看出答案C不正确。
    阅读理解6
    If you do not use your arms or your legs for some time, they become weak; when you start using them again, they slowly become strong again. Everybody knows that. Yet many people do not seem to know that memory works in the same way.
    When someone says that he has a good memory, he really means that he keeps his memory in practice by using it. When someone else says that his memory is poor, he really means that he does not give it enough chance to become strong.
    If a friend says that his arms and legs are weak, we know that it is his own fault. But if he tells us that he has a poor memory, many of us think that his parents are to blame, and few of us know that it is just his own fault.
    Have you ever found that some people can' t read or write but usually they have better memories? This is because they cannot read or write and they have to remember things; they cannot write them down in a little notebook. They have to remember days, names, songs and stories; so their memory is the whole time being exercised.
    So if you want to have a good memory, learn from the people: practise remembering.
    1. The main reason for one's poor memory is that his parents have poor memories.
    T F
    2. If you don't use your arms or legs for some time, they will become strong.
    T F
    3. A good memory comes from more practice.
    T F
    4. Some people can't read or write, but they have better memories, because they have saved trouble.
    T F
    5. The best title of this passage is “How to Have a Good Memory”.
    参考答案: 1. F 2. F 3. T 4. F 5. T
    讲解:
    1. 文中没有此说法。 2. 从第一段可判断。
    3. 第二段开头已说明。 4. 第四段开头已说明。
    5. 最后一段点题。

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