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根本违约是从英国普通法上发展出来的一种制度,这一制度有着比较重大的影响力,在《联合国国际货物销售合同公约》及国际商事合同通则等中均有所体现。根本违约将合同后果与合同目的实现结合起来,以此作为确定违约严重性的依据,从而为确定合同解除的要件,限定法定解除权的行使奠定了基础。根本违约
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  • 2007-06-30 19:37:47
      根本违约是从英国普通法上发展出来的一种制度,这一制度有着比较重大的影响力,在《联合国国际货物销售合同公约》及国际商事合同通则等中均有所体现。根本违约将合同后果与合同目的实现结合起来,以此作为确定违约严重性的依据,从而为确定合同解除的要件,限定法定解除权的行使奠定了基础。
      根本违约制度,一方面作为一种法定的合同解除权的发生事由,另一方面实际上又对解除权的行使予以了非常有必要的限制,对于促进交易、限制解除权的滥用必将发挥重要作用。 Basic breaks a contract is one kind of system which develops from theEnglish common law, this system has the quite significant influence,and the international trading contract general rule in and so on hasin "the United Nations International Cargo Sale Contract Joint pledge"manifests。
       Basic breaks a contract the contract consequence and thecontract goal realization unifies, breaks a contract the grave basisby this as the determination, thus for determined the contractrelieves the important document, defined legal relieved the power toexercise has laid the foundation。
       Basic breaks a contract the system,on the one hand took one kind of legal contract relieves the power theoccurrence matter, on the other hand to relieved the power to exercisein fact extremely had the necessity the limit, regarding the promotiontransaction, the limit relieved the power to abuse will certainly toplay the vital role。
       合同是实现国际商事交往的一个最基本的法律形式。合同法是调整合同关系的法律规范的总和。合同一经依法成立,当事人应适当履行。各国通常都要求如果一方根本性的违约或重大违约时,另一方可以解除合同。《联合国国际货物买卖合同公约》也规定,一方当事人得以另一方根本违约或预期根本违约为由而宣告合同无效。
      《国际商事合同通则》也有规定当事人可以以另一方根本不履行合同或预期根本不履行合同为由来终止合同。而经过判断不履行合同的一方并未在根本上违约,那么受损一方可以通过损害赔偿等方法来尽量使自己的损失降低。 The contract is a realization international trading contact most basiclegal form。
       The contract law is adjusts the congruent relationship thelegal standard sum total。 Gathers identically after legallyestablishes, the litigant should suitably fulfill。
       The variouscountries usually all requests if a root natural disposition breaks acontract or significantly breaks a contract time, another one onlythen terminates a contract。
       "United Nations International CargoBusiness Contract Joint pledge" also stipulated that, a side litigantcan another side radically break a contract or anticipated basicbreaks a contract for by announced the contract is invalid。
      "International Trading Contract General rule" also has stipulated thelitigant may simply not fulfill the contract take another side oranticipated simply does not fulfill the contract as the origintermination contract。
       But does not fulfill the contract after thejudgement a side in on to break a contract by no means, then suffersinjury one only then by through method and so on damage compensate asfar as possible causes own loss to reduce。
      

    kevin

    2007-06-30 19:37:47

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