他们有什么区别,怎么使用啊

long 2008-03-13
  

A.Except for
 B.Excepting for 
C.Except 
D.Besides  
 
2条回答 评论(0)

好评答案

①except强调从整体中除去部分,即except后的部分不包括在整体之内。因此,常和all, everything, no one, nothing等词一起使用。其判别标志是:除去的与保留的是"同类项"。例如: 
All of them went out for a walk except John. 
Everyone is here except Xiao Wang and me. 
除去的与保留的是"同类项"
②except for.表示"对一个人或事物,先做一个整体评价,然后再就局部提出一点看法"。即一部分被肯定,另一部分被否定。其判别标志是:除去的与保留的"不是同类项"。例如: 
It was dark in the city except for a few weak lights. 
Your composition is very good except for a few spelling mistakes. 
除去的与保留的"不是同类项"
③except that... 也是"除去……一点外"的意思,但应注意恰当地使用引导词。若从句句意和结构完整,
				...
①except强调从整体中除去部分,即except后的部分不包括在整体之内。因此,常和all, everything, no one, nothing等词一起使用。其判别标志是:除去的与保留的是"同类项"。例如: 
All of them went out for a walk except John. 
Everyone is here except Xiao Wang and me. 
除去的与保留的是"同类项"
②except for.表示"对一个人或事物,先做一个整体评价,然后再就局部提出一点看法"。即一部分被肯定,另一部分被否定。其判别标志是:除去的与保留的"不是同类项"。例如: 
It was dark in the city except for a few weak lights. 
Your composition is very good except for a few spelling mistakes. 
除去的与保留的"不是同类项"
③except that... 也是"除去……一点外"的意思,但应注意恰当地使用引导词。若从句句意和结构完整,只需用引导词that。例如: 
The suit fitted him well except that the colour was a little brighter. 
除色彩艳了一点儿外,这套衣服很适合他,从句the colour was a little brighter句意和结构完整,只需用引导词except that。 
except for与except that有时可互相转换。例如: 
1. Your composition is very good except for a few spelling mistakes. 
=Your composition is very good except that there are a few spelling mistakes. 
2. The village is very quiet except for some birds singing in the woods. 
=The village is very quiet except that there are some birds singing in the woods. 
④besides的用法--"包括式" 
besides相当于as well as,意为"除了……以外还有……",即"除去一部分还有另外一部分"的意思,表示besides 后面的部分包括在整体之内。例如: 
 Does John know any other foreign language besides French. 
展开
2008-03-13
评论(0)
  • 全部回答(2)
  • 专家
  • 好友
  • 附近
  • 可乐乐

    Except for 加短语,不是句子。
    Besides除此之外。
    Except (that)……
    										

    2008-03-13

    评论(0)
返回顶部 帮助 意见反馈 手机版